Research Article 007. Cook, C. N., et al. "Quantifying the extent of protected area downgrading, downsizing and degazettement in Australia." Conservation Biology (2017) by Carly N. Cook, Rebecca S. Valkan, Michael B. Mascia, Melodie McGeoch

The use of total area protected as the predominant indicator of progress in building protected areas (PAs) is receiving growing criticism. Documenting the full dynamics of a PA network, both in... Read More

Research Article 006. Golden-Kroner, et al. 2016. Effects of protected area downsizing on habitat fragmentation in Yosemite National Park (USA), 1864 – 2014. Ecology and Society 21(3):22. by Rachel E. Golden Kroner, Roopa Krithivasan, and Michael B. Mascia

Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) has been documented worldwide, but its impacts on biodiversity are poorly understood. To fill this knowledge gap, we reviewed... Read More

Research Article 005. Pack, et al. 2016. Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) in the Amazon. Biological Conservation 197: 32-39. by Shalynn M. Pack, Mariana Napolitano Ferreira, Roopa Krithivasan, Jennifer Murrow, Enrico Bernard, Michael B. Mascia

Protected areas (PAs) are a cornerstone of biodiversity conservation. Brazil, home to one-third of the world's tropical forests and 12% of its PAs, is a global leader in PA creation and... Read More

Research Article 004. Symes, et al. 2016. Why do we lose protected areas? Factors influencing PADDD in the tropics and subtropics. Global Change Biology 22.2: 656-665 by William S Symes, Madhu Rao, Michael B Mascia, L Roman Carrasco

Protected areas (PAs) are an essential tool for the conservation of biodiversity globally. Previous studies have focussed on the effectiveness of PAs and the design of optimal PA networks. However... Read More

Research Article 003. Forrest, et al. 2015. Tropical Deforestation and Carbon Emissions from Protected Area Downgrading, Downsizing, and Degazettement (PADDD). Conservation Letters, 8: 153–161 by Jessica L. Forrest, Michael B. Mascia, Sharon Pailler, Siti Zuraidah Abidin, Mara Deza Araujo, Roopa Krithivasan, and Juan Carlos Riveros

Protected area downgrading, downsizing and degazettement (PADDD) is a global phenomenon that has not received formal attention in Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD... Read More

Research Article 002. Mascia, et al. 2014. Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) in Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean, 1900–2010. Biological Conservation 169: 355-361 by Michael B. Mascia, Sharon Pailler, Roopa Krithivasan, Volha Roshchanka, David Burns, Mcard Joseph Mlotha, Dana Roeber Murray, Naiying Peng

National parks, nature reserves, and other protected areas (PAs) are the centerpiece of efforts to conserve biodiversity. Conservation policy and practice assume that PAs are permanent... Read More

Research Article 001. Mascia, M. & S. Pailler. 2011. “Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) and its conservation implications.” Conservation Letters 4(1):9–20 by Michael B. Mascia, Sharon Pailler

National parks and other protected areas (PAs) are the foundation of global efforts to conserve biological diversity. Conservation policy and practice assume that PAs are permanent fixtures on... Read More

Media Coverage 006. Gaworecki, M. 2016. "Yosemite as a case study in protected area downsizing and habitat fragmentation." Mongabay News by Mike Gaworecki

Changes to Yosemite’s original boundaries were primarily made in order to enable natural resource extraction, road building, and other human activities. And Yosemite is not alone in having had... Read More

Media Coverage 005. Conniff. 2016. How safe does protected status keep the world's national parks? The Guardian by Richard Conniff

Winning protected status for key natural areas and habitat has long been seen as the gold standard of conservation. But these gains are increasingly being compromised as governments redraw park... Read More

Media Coverage 004. Low, M. 2015. "What Is Driving The Loss Of Protected Areas?" Asian Scientist by Mary-Ruth Low

The larger the protected area, the more likely it is to experience downgrading, downsizing and degazettement.

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