Shume-Magamba Forest Reserve, Tanzania, United Republic of (Downsize, 1963)

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Protected Area Name (Primary)
Shume-Magamba Forest Reserve

Name of protected area at the time PADDD was enacted or proposed.
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Protected Area Name (Others)
Shume Magamba Nature Reserve
Shume-Magamba Forest Reserve

All other names associated with the protected area.
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Event
Downsize

Downgrading — a decrease in legal restrictions on the number, magnitude, or extent of human activities within a PA.
Downsizing — a decrease in the size of a PA as a result of excision of land or sea area through a legal boundary change.
Degazettement — a functional loss of legal protection for an entire PA.
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Status
Enacted

The legal standing of an order to downgrade, downsize, or degazette.
Enacted: PADDD has passed into law.
Proposed: PADDD has been considered by relevant authorities, but has not passed into law.
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Year Gazetted
Unknown

The year in which the PA was legally established.
If only decade is known, use the midpoint (i.e. 1990s -> 1995)
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Year PADDDed
1963

For enacted PADDD: The year in which PADDD was legally authorized.
For proposed PADDD: The year in which PADDD was first proposed.
If only decade is known, use the midpoint (ie 1990s -> 1995)
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Cause
Rural Settlements

The proximate cause of PADDD. More…
Conservation Planning — part of a process to enhance the conservation efficiency/efficacy of a group of PAs More…
Degradation — degradation of ecological, biophysical, touristic, symbolic, or other functions such that PA no longer fulfills intended purpose. More…
Fisheries — wild-capture fishing operations. More…
Forestry — forestry or logging operations. More…
Industrial Agriculture — industrial scale (mechanized) agriculture operations (includes aquaculture). More…
Industrialization — industrial scale production or delivery of goods. More…
Infrastructure — structures and activities that form the system of public works. More…
Land Claims — restoration of full or partial rights to indigenous or other peoples. More…
Mining — mining operations (including all minerals and coal). More…
Oil and Gas — exploration or extraction of fossil fuels (excludes coal; see mining). More…
Refugee Accommodation — settlement or accommodation of refugees or IDPs. More…
Rural Settlements — legal authorization of previously prohibited rural habitation. More…
Shifting Sovereignty — change in sovereignty of a parcel of land among nation-states, states/provinces, or local political jurisdictions. More…
Subsistence — small scale artisanal (non-industrial) extraction and production activities.More…
Other — Any cause not provided above.More…

Area PADDDed
134.00 km2

For enacted PADDD: area no longer protected due to downsizing or degazettement; area of reduced protection due to downgrading.
For proposed PADDD: proposed area no longer protected due to downsizing or degazettement; proposed area of reduced protection due to downgrading.
Please ensure your data is in km2.
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Size Pre-PADDD
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: size of PA before PADDD occurred.
For proposed PADDD: size of PA when PADDD was proposed.
Please ensure your data is in km2.
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Size Post-PADDD
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: size of PA after PADDD has occurred.
For proposed PADDD: size of PA if PADDD proposal was to be enacted.
Please ensure your data is in km2.
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IUCN Category Pre-PADDD
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: IUCN category of protected area before PADDD occurred.
For proposed PADDD: IUCN category of protected area when PADDD was proposed.
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IUCN Category Post-PADDD
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: IUCN category of protected area after PADDD occurred.
For proposed PADDD: IUCN category of protected area if proposal was enacted.
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PADDD Reversed?
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: was the legal change later reversed?
For proposed PADD: was the proposal later withdrawn?
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Year Reversed
Unknown

Year PADDD was reversed or withdrawn.
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PADDD Offset?
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: was a different parcel of land protected to explicitly offset PADDD?
For proposed PADDD: are there plans to protect a different parcel of land to explicitly offset PADDD?
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Systemic Change?
No

For enacted PADDD: was this instance of PADDD a part of a change that affected multiple PAs at the same time?
For proposed PADDD: is this part of a proposal involving multiple PAs at the same time?
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Supporting Details
Cause: given to small-holders

Details: "...13,400 ha of Shume-Magamba Forest Reserve were degazetted and given to small-holders in 1963 as a response to a popular cry for land." Hamilton and Benstead-Smith 1990

Detailed notes about the PADDD event. Wherever possible, use block quotes from sources.
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Sources
  • Hamilton and Benstead-Smith 1990


All sources used in the "Supporting Details". Please provide date accessed for all URLs.
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PADDD in: This Protected Area  |  This Country
Shume-Magamba Forest Reserve, Downsize, Enacted, 1963