Des Plaines Dolomite Prairies Land And Water Reserve, United States (Downgrade, 2011)

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Protected Area Name (Primary)
Des Plaines Dolomite Prairies Land And Water Reserve

Name of protected area at the time PADDD was enacted or proposed.
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Protected Area Name (Others)
Des Plaines Dolomite Prairies State Natural Area
Des Plaines Dolomite Prairies Land And Water Reserve

All other names associated with the protected area.
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Event
Downgrade

Downgrading — a decrease in legal restrictions on the number, magnitude, or extent of human activities within a PA.
Downsizing — a decrease in the size of a PA as a result of excision of land or sea area through a legal boundary change.
Degazettement — a functional loss of legal protection for an entire PA.
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Status
Proposed

The legal standing of an order to downgrade, downsize, or degazette.
Enacted: PADDD has passed into law.
Proposed: PADDD has been considered by relevant authorities, but has not passed into law.
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Year Gazetted
Unknown

The year in which the PA was legally established.
If only decade is known, use the midpoint (i.e. 1990s -> 1995)
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Year PADDDed
2011

For enacted PADDD: The year in which PADDD was legally authorized.
For proposed PADDD: The year in which PADDD was first proposed.
If only decade is known, use the midpoint (ie 1990s -> 1995)
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Cause
Infrastructure

The proximate cause of PADDD. More…
Conservation Planning — part of a process to enhance the conservation efficiency/efficacy of a group of PAs More…
Degradation — degradation of ecological, biophysical, touristic, symbolic, or other functions such that PA no longer fulfills intended purpose. More…
Fisheries — wild-capture fishing operations. More…
Forestry — forestry or logging operations. More…
Industrial Agriculture — industrial scale (mechanized) agriculture operations (includes aquaculture). More…
Industrialization — industrial scale production or delivery of goods. More…
Infrastructure — structures and activities that form the system of public works. More…
Land Claims — restoration of full or partial rights to indigenous or other peoples. More…
Mining — mining operations (including all minerals and coal). More…
Oil and Gas — exploration or extraction of fossil fuels (excludes coal; see mining). More…
Refugee Accommodation — settlement or accommodation of refugees or IDPs. More…
Rural Settlements — legal authorization of previously prohibited rural habitation. More…
Shifting Sovereignty — change in sovereignty of a parcel of land among nation-states, states/provinces, or local political jurisdictions. More…
Subsistence — small scale artisanal (non-industrial) extraction and production activities.More…
Other — Any cause not provided above.More…

Area PADDDed
1.43 km2

For enacted PADDD: area no longer protected due to downsizing or degazettement; area of reduced protection due to downgrading.
For proposed PADDD: proposed area no longer protected due to downsizing or degazettement; proposed area of reduced protection due to downgrading.
Please ensure your data is in km2.
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Size Pre-PADDD
1.43 km2

For enacted PADDD: size of PA before PADDD occurred.
For proposed PADDD: size of PA when PADDD was proposed.
Please ensure your data is in km2.
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Size Post-PADDD
1.43 km2

For enacted PADDD: size of PA after PADDD has occurred.
For proposed PADDD: size of PA if PADDD proposal was to be enacted.
Please ensure your data is in km2.
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IUCN Category Pre-PADDD
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: IUCN category of protected area before PADDD occurred.
For proposed PADDD: IUCN category of protected area when PADDD was proposed.
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IUCN Category Post-PADDD
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: IUCN category of protected area after PADDD occurred.
For proposed PADDD: IUCN category of protected area if proposal was enacted.
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PADDD Reversed?
No

For enacted PADDD: was the legal change later reversed?
For proposed PADD: was the proposal later withdrawn?
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Year Reversed
Unknown

Year PADDD was reversed or withdrawn.
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PADDD Offset?
No

For enacted PADDD: was a different parcel of land protected to explicitly offset PADDD?
For proposed PADDD: are there plans to protect a different parcel of land to explicitly offset PADDD?
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Systemic Change?
Yes

For enacted PADDD: was this instance of PADDD a part of a change that affected multiple PAs at the same time?
For proposed PADDD: is this part of a proposal involving multiple PAs at the same time?
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Supporting Details
Cause: Infrastructure. Details: Amended Proposal, June 2011: H.R. 1505 モThis Act may be cited as the ムムNational Security and Federal Lands Protection Actメメ A BILL To prohibit the Secretaries of the Interior and Agriculture from taking action on public lands which impede border security on such lands, and for other purposes. (A) Construction and maintenance of roads. (B) Construction and maintenance of fences. (C) Use vehicles to patrol. (D) Installation, maintenance, and oper-8 ation of surveillance equipment and sensors. 9 (E) Use of aircraft. (F) Deployment of temporary tactical infrastructure, including forward operating bases. with respect to certain sections of the international border between the United States and Mexico and between the United States and Canada shall be considered to apply to all land under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior or the Secretary of Agriculture within 100 miles of the international land borders of the United States for the activities of U.S. Customs and Border Protection described in subsection (b). (2) DESCRIPTION OF LAWS WAIVED.ラThe laws referred to in paragraph (1) are the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), the ndangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.), the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.), the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703 et seq.), the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.), the Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 (16 U.S.C. 470aa et seq.), the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f et seq.), the Noise Control Act of 1972 (42 U.S.C. 4901 et seq.), the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.), the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.), Public Law 86ヨ523 (16 U.S.C. 469 et seq.), the Act of June 8, 1906 (commonly known as the ムムAntiquities Act of 1906メメ) (16 U.S.C. 431 et seq.), the Act of August 21, 1935 (16 U.S.C. 461 et seq.), the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (16 U.S.C. 1271 et seq.), the Farmland Protection Policy Act (7 U.S.C1 4201 et seq.), the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1451 et seq.), the Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1131 et seq.), the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 668dd et seq.), the Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956 (16 U.S.C. 742a et seq.), the Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661 et seq.), subchapter II of chapter 5, and chapter 7, of title 5, United States Code (commonly known as the ムムAdministrative Procedure Actメメ), the Otay Mountain Wilderness Act of 1999 (Public Law 106ヨ145, 113 Stat. 1711), sections 102(29) and 103 of California Desert Protection Act of 1994 (16 U.S.C. 410aaa et seq.), the National Park Service Organic Act (16 U.S.C. 1 et seq.), Public Law 91ヨ383 (16 U.S.C. 1aヨ1 et seq.), sections 401(7), 403, and 404 of the National Parks and Recreation Act of 1978 (Public Law 95ヨ625, 92 Stat. 3467), the Arizona Desert Wilderness Act of 1990 (16 U.S.C. 1132 note; Public Law 101ヨ628), section 10 of the Act of March 3, 1899 (33 U.S.C. 403), the Act of June 8, 1940 (16 U.S.C. 668 et seq.), (25 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.), Public Law 95ヨ341 (42 U.S.C. 1996), Public Law 103ヨ141 (42 U.S.C. 2000bb et seq.), the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Re1 sources Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1600 et seq.), the Multiple-Use Sustained-Yield Act of 1960 (16 U.S.C. 528 et seq.), the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 181, et seq.), the Materials Act of 1947 (30 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), and the General Mining Act of 1872 (30 U.S.C. 22 note).ヤ http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/112/hr1505/text モOn June 19, 2012, the U.S. House of Representatives voted to give operational control of all of Americaメs public lands to one agency: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). H.R. 2578 includes the National Security and Federal Land Protection Act as well as 13 other bills, and would suspend outright 16 environmental laws, including the Endangered Species Act, within 100 miles of U.S. borders with Mexico and Canada. Whatメs more, the CBP would have immediate access to develop roads and infrastructure on the more than 600 million acres of national parks, monuments, Indian reservations, wilderness, wildlife refuges, and other lands managed by U.S. Departments of Interior (DOI) and Agriculture (USDA), anywhere in the country. From Redwood National Park to the Statue of Liberty, this measure would threaten Americaメs most treasured lands and waters. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security does not support this legislation, and a recent General Accounting Office report concluded that current federal laws do not impede border protection. The National Security and Federal Land Protection Act was sponsored by House National Parks, Forests, and Public Lands Subcommittee Chairman Rob Bishop (R-Utah). http://www.pewenvironment.org/news-room/other-resources/hr-1505-puts-public-lands-at-risk-85899361611

Detailed notes about the PADDD event. Wherever possible, use block quotes from sources.
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Sources
H.R. 1505 National Security and Federal Lands Protection Act http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/112/hr1505/text, http://www.pewenvironment.org/news-room/other-resources/hr-1505-puts-public-lands-at-risk-85899361611, [Map] http://www.protectedlands.net/padus/

All sources used in the "Supporting Details". Please provide date accessed for all URLs.
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