Tana River Primate National Reserve (TRPNR), Kenya (Downsize, 2007)

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Protected Area Name (Primary)
Tana River Primate National Reserve (TRPNR)

Name of protected area at the time PADDD was enacted or proposed.
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Protected Area Name (Others)
Tana River Primate National Reserve
Tana River Primate National Reserve (TRPNR)

All other names associated with the protected area.
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Event
Downsize

Downgrading — a decrease in legal restrictions on the number, magnitude, or extent of human activities within a PA.
Downsizing — a decrease in the size of a PA as a result of excision of land or sea area through a legal boundary change.
Degazettement — a functional loss of legal protection for an entire PA.
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Status
Enacted

The legal standing of an order to downgrade, downsize, or degazette.
Enacted: PADDD has passed into law.
Proposed: PADDD has been considered by relevant authorities, but has not passed into law.
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Year Gazetted
1976

The year in which the PA was legally established.
If only decade is known, use the midpoint (i.e. 1990s -> 1995)
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Year PADDDed
2007

For enacted PADDD: The year in which PADDD was legally authorized.
For proposed PADDD: The year in which PADDD was first proposed.
If only decade is known, use the midpoint (ie 1990s -> 1995)
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Cause
Unknown

The proximate cause of PADDD. More…
Conservation Planning — part of a process to enhance the conservation efficiency/efficacy of a group of PAs More…
Degradation — degradation of ecological, biophysical, touristic, symbolic, or other functions such that PA no longer fulfills intended purpose. More…
Fisheries — wild-capture fishing operations. More…
Forestry — forestry or logging operations. More…
Industrial Agriculture — industrial scale (mechanized) agriculture operations (includes aquaculture). More…
Industrialization — industrial scale production or delivery of goods. More…
Infrastructure — structures and activities that form the system of public works. More…
Land Claims — restoration of full or partial rights to indigenous or other peoples. More…
Mining — mining operations (including all minerals and coal). More…
Oil and Gas — exploration or extraction of fossil fuels (excludes coal; see mining). More…
Refugee Accommodation — settlement or accommodation of refugees or IDPs. More…
Rural Settlements — legal authorization of previously prohibited rural habitation. More…
Shifting Sovereignty — change in sovereignty of a parcel of land among nation-states, states/provinces, or local political jurisdictions. More…
Subsistence — small scale artisanal (non-industrial) extraction and production activities.More…
Other — Any cause not provided above.More…

Area PADDDed
13.00 km2

For enacted PADDD: area no longer protected due to downsizing or degazettement; area of reduced protection due to downgrading.
For proposed PADDD: proposed area no longer protected due to downsizing or degazettement; proposed area of reduced protection due to downgrading.
Please ensure your data is in km2.
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Size Pre-PADDD
167.00 km2

For enacted PADDD: size of PA before PADDD occurred.
For proposed PADDD: size of PA when PADDD was proposed.
Please ensure your data is in km2.
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Size Post-PADDD
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: size of PA after PADDD has occurred.
For proposed PADDD: size of PA if PADDD proposal was to be enacted.
Please ensure your data is in km2.
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IUCN Category Pre-PADDD
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: IUCN category of protected area before PADDD occurred.
For proposed PADDD: IUCN category of protected area when PADDD was proposed.
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IUCN Category Post-PADDD
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: IUCN category of protected area after PADDD occurred.
For proposed PADDD: IUCN category of protected area if proposal was enacted.
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PADDD Reversed?
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: was the legal change later reversed?
For proposed PADD: was the proposal later withdrawn?
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Year Reversed
Unknown

Year PADDD was reversed or withdrawn.
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PADDD Offset?
Unknown

For enacted PADDD: was a different parcel of land protected to explicitly offset PADDD?
For proposed PADDD: are there plans to protect a different parcel of land to explicitly offset PADDD?
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Systemic Change?
No

For enacted PADDD: was this instance of PADDD a part of a change that affected multiple PAs at the same time?
For proposed PADDD: is this part of a proposal involving multiple PAs at the same time?
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Supporting Details
Cause: The long-term survival of the two endemic Tana River primates looks very bleak. In January 2007, the High Court of Kenya ruled that the Tana River Primate National Reserve (TRPNR), where 13 km² of forest were protected, was not established in accordance with the law. The TRPNR must, therefore, be degazzetted, which means that none of the habitat of the Tana River red colobus and Tana River mangabey is legally protected. p15

Details: "Despite the troubles highlighted above, the Tana River situation is not hopeless. One of us (DNMM) has maintained a (relatively poorly funded) research project in the area over the last five years. He has thus been able to monitor developments on the ground. In addition, more than 250 families who farmed within the TRPNR were voluntarily relocated in 2005 to Kipini (about 90 km away) by the KWS. At the moment, there appears to be growing concern for forest and biodiversity conservation among local people. For example, several local leaders have expressed a desire to convert the now degazetted TRPNR into a community wildlife sanctuary. However, there is need for strong support and encouragement from conservation organizations for a community-based conservation effort." (Mbora & Butynski 2009, p15)

Detailed notes about the PADDD event. Wherever possible, use block quotes from sources.
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Sources
  • Mbora and Butynski (2009), p15 http://www.primate-sg.org/PDF/PC24.pdf p15


All sources used in the "Supporting Details". Please provide date accessed for all URLs.
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